Pacific white-sided dolphin, Indus River dolphin Like the short-finned pilot whale, they have rounded heads and dark skin. Bottlenose dolphin Spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) get their name from their unique leaping and spinning behavior, that can involve at least 4 body revolutions. Atlantic white-sided dolphin They have dark skin, rounded heads, and large dorsal fins. The two groups are thought to have diverged around 34 million years ago (mya). Stejneger’s beaked whale Beaked Whale. Their whistles, chirps, clicks and squeaks could be heard by sailors through boat hulls and on the water, causing them to nickname these whales "sea canaries.". The vaquita, also known as the Gulf of California harbor porpoise or cochito (Phocoena sinus) is one of the smallest cetaceans, and has one of the smallest home ranges. Toothed whale, (suborder Odontoceti), any of the odontocete cetaceans, including the oceanic dolphins, river dolphins, porpoises, pilot whales, beaked whales, and bottlenose whales, as well as the killer whale, sperm whale, narwhal, and beluga whale. Ginkgotoothed beaked whale Dwarf sperm whale, Arnoux’s beaked whale Cuvier’s beaked whale The specific name reflects the smallest body size of physically mature individuals of this species compared with the other Berardius species. Blainville’s Beaked whale Andrew’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon bowdoini)Arnoux’s beaked whale (Berardius arnuxii)Baird’s beaked whale (Berardius bairdii)Blainville’s Beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris)Cuvier’s beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris)Gervais’ beaked whale (Mesoplodon europaeus)Ginkgo toothed beaked whale (Mesoplodon ginkgodens)Gray’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon grayi)Hector’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon hectori)Hubb’s Beaked whale (Mesoplodon carlhubbsi)Longman’s beaked whale (Indopac… Spectacled porpoise Of these, 72 are Odontocetes or toothed whales. Peale’s dolphin Clymene dolphin This section will provide you with a huge list of marine mammals including Cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises), Fissipeds (polar bears and otters), Pinnipeds (seals, fur seals, sea lions and walruses) and Sirenians (manatees and dugongs). These porpoises live in the northern Gulf of California off Mexico's Baja Peninsula, and are one of the most endangered cetaceans - only about 250 remain. So I decided to stick with the list in the marine mammal bible, the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Dolphin, any of the toothed whales belonging to the mammal family Delphinidae (oceanic dolphins) as well as the families Platanistidae and Iniidae, the two that contain the river dolphins. Cetaceans are descended from land-dwelling hoofed mammals, and the now extinct archaeocetes represent the several transitional phases from terrestrial to completely aquatic. Sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus) are the largest toothed whale species. They can grow to about 8 feet in length and 400 pounds in weight. Rough-toothed dolphins are found in deep, warm temperate and tropical waters around the world. A third species, Berardius minimus, was distinguished from B. bairdii in the 2010s. Here are profiles of 19 Cetaceans, which differ greatly in … Heaviside’s dolphin They have a gray back and lighter underside. ) They have a striking black, white and gray coloration that is quite different from the similarly-named Atlantic white-sided dolphin. Baird’s beaked whale Tucuxi dolphin Then I started flipping through all my whale books and wouldn’t you know it, every list is slightly different. Here's the list … Risso’s dolphin The spade-toothed whale (Mesoplodon traversii) is a very little-known and the rarest species of beaked whale.It was first named from a partial jaw found on Pitt Island, New Zealand, in 1872; reported and illustrated in 1873 by James Hector, and described the next year by John Edward Gray, who named it in honor of Henry Hammersley Travers, the collector. are white whales that can grow to 13-16 feet in length and up to 3,500 pounds in weight. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. What an impressive list. Ganges River dolphin This means that when zoologists refer to ‘toothed whales’, they might be referring to dolphins and porpoises, as well as to animals such as sperm whales and beaked whales. Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) are one of the most well-known cetacean species. Commerson’s dolphin Note: More Marine Mammals will be added as they Orca (aka killer whale) They have tall dorsal fins - the male's dorsal fin can grow as tall as 6 feet tall. Pilot whales tend to gather in large pods and may mass strand. We know very little about this species that was only properly described a few years ago. They are found primarily in deep, offshore temperate waters. Striped dolphin , […] wild things: List of toothed whales Related Posts:Baleen WhalesPorpoise FactsMinke Whale FactsWhat is a Marine Mammal?Dolphin Facts […], Your email address will not be published. Various species of toothed whale are known to eat everything from numerous species of fish, squid, octopus and crustaceans to marine animals such as sharks, penguins, seals and sea lions, as well as other cetaceans such as whales, dolphins and porpoises (primarily hunted by killer whales). Seventy-three species of toothed whales are described. Rarest species: the spade-toothed whale. In fact, it is the rarest species of beaked whale. All whales (great and small) are listed in CITES Appendices, meaning that international trade in … Killer whales can grow up to 32 feet (males) or 27 feet (females), and weigh up to 11 tons. All available information about this species comes from skeletal remains, consisting of two skulls and one jawbone. They are one of two living groups of cetaceans, the other being the baleen whales (Mysticeti), which have baleen instead of teeth. They can grow to 9 feet in length and 500 pounds in weight. Sperm whale, the largest of the toothed whales, easily recognized by its enormous square head and narrow lower jaw. It is the largest of the toothed whales—also called odontocetes—reaching a length of … Scientists studied two specimens in New Zealand in 2010 after the whales became stranded. There are 73 species of toothed whale.As well as whales such as sperm whales, beaked whales, narwhal and beluga, the group also contains dolphins and porpoises.. Perrin’s beaked whale These dolphins grow to about 7 feet in length and 170 pounds, and are found in tropical and subtropical oceans around the world. Spade-toothed beaked whale is currently an insufficiently explored species, since the animal has never been seen in the wild. … Required fields are marked *. The toothed whales (systematic name Odontoceti) form a parvorder of the artiodactyl infraorder Cetacea, including sperm whales, beaked whales, dolphins, and porpoises.As the name suggests, the parvorder is characterized by the presence of teeth rather than the baleen of other whales. Dall’s porpoise Unlike the other great whales on the endangered species list, the sperm whale is a toothed whale. The pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) is fairly small - adults can grow up to about 10 feet in length and 900 pounds in weight. Shepherd’s beaked whale Atlantic spotted dolphin Males are much larger than females and may grow to about 60 feet in length, while females grow to about 36 feet. Once endangered species due to a whale hunting industry whales are among the largest sea animals, with the blue whale being the largest animal known to have ever existed. The Sperm Whale is the largest toothed whale in existence, getting to be an average of 67 feet in length (20.5 meters). Harbor porpoises are toothed whales that are about 4-6 feet long. Franciscana dolphin (aka La Plata dolphin), Harbor porpoise There are currently 86 recognized species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Southern bottlenose whale False killer whale Finless porpoise, Filed Under: Dolphins, Whales Tagged With: cetacean, dolphin, extinct, killer whale, whale. Odontocetes: the toothed whales: Distribution, Behaviour, Migration and Threats The conservation status of the toothed whales has worsened dramatically since 2001. Gervais’ beaked whale The Society for Marine Mammalogy has created an extensive list of cetacean species (see below). It is dark blue-gray or brownish, with white patches on the belly. Males can weigh up to 56 tons. The list compiled below is based on information in the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, the Guide to Marine Mammals of the World and Wikipedia. Toothed whales make up the scientific suborder Ondontoceti, which includes an impressive list of species. THE TOOTHED WHALES The 72 species of toothed whales are listed below by the categories of threat of the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM Lipotes vexillifer Baiji (CR/EX) Phocoena sinus Vaquita (CR) Cephalorhynchus hectori Hector‘s dolphin (EN) Orcaella brevirostris Irrawaddy dolphin (VU) New Zealand North Island subspecies C. h. maui (CR) So here it is, the list of baleen whales (this list does not include all sub-species and distinct populations): Bowhead whale Pantropical spotted dolphin Hourglass dolphin The global UNEP Convention on Migratory Species currently covers seven toothed whale species or populations on its Appendix I and 37 species or populations on Appendix II. Seventy-three species of toothed whales are described. These dolphins can grow to 12 feet in length and 1,400 pounds in weight. Risso's dolphins are a medium-sized toothed whale that have stout bodies and a tall, falcate dorsal fin. Spinner dolphin Males are much larger than females and may grow to about 60 feet in length, while females grow to about 36 feet. These whales were made famous by Herman Melville's book Moby Dick. The ancestors of present-day odontocetes Sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus) are the largest toothed whale species. Pacific white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens) are found throughout temperate waters of the Pacific Ocean. Young Risso's dolphins are black, dark gray or brown while older Risso's may be light gray to white. These whales were made famous by Herman Melville's book Moby Dick. Short-beaked common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) are a wide-ranging dolphin that is found throughout the temperate waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. Yangtzee River dolphin (aka Baiji) EXTINCT The toothed whales (also called odontocetes, systematic name Odontoceti) are a parvorder of cetaceans that includes dolphins, porpoises, and all other whales possessing teeth, such as the beaked whales and sperm whales. are one of the most well-known cetacean species. They include dolphins, some of the world's most intelligent and social animals. I have written a short introduction to each family and a list of species in that family. Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. Spade-toothed Whale. Expand: Hector's beaked whale, Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale, Shepherd's beaked whale, Archaeoceti, Cumberland Sound beluga, Blubber, Baiji, Humpback dolphin, Amazon river dolphin; Verify: Spinner dolphin, Whale, Dolphin, Cetacea; Stubs: Bolivian river dolphin (new species), Cephalorhynchus; Images: Pictures of the baiji are wanted. Pygmy sperm whale Australian snubfin dolphin Sowerby’s beaked whale Vaquita [Most endangered cetacean in the world] Costero dolphin (aka Guyana dolphin) These remains suggest skull morphology, which is very similar to that of the strap-toothed beaked whale. The prehistoric-looking rough-toothed dolphin gets its name from the wrinkles on its tooth enamel. The sperm whale is a toothed whale. Hubb’s Beaked whale Below you can learn about some of the toothed whale species. It has been said that this whale species may have decreased in overall size due to the large amount of whaling in the past. It is divided into toothed whales and baleen whales, which diverged from each other some time in the Eocene 26 to 17 million years ago. It is thickset and has small paddlelike flippers and a series of rounded humps on its back. Melon-headed whale Amazon River dolphin They live in the temperate and subarctic waters of the Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and Black Sea. Intense noise, particularly that from sonar, has been shown to cause panic, rapid ascent and subsequent death due to decompression sickness in a number of beaked whale species. Chilean dolphin There are Baleen Whales and Toothed Whales. Sperm whales have large, square heads and 20-26 conical teeth on each side of its lower jaw. Of the nearly 40 species of dolphins in the Delphinidae, 6 are commonly called whales, including the killer whale and the… History at your fingertips Atlantic white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus acutus) are strikingly-colored dolphins that live in temperate waters of the North Atlantic Ocean. Southern right whale dolphin The world's 82 types of whales are mainly divided into two groups deriving from their food and eating habits, and consequently, their anatomy. The other toothed whales are summarized with the term "small cetaceans". Burmeister’s porpoise Another obvious difference between baleen and toothed whales is the number of blowholes on top of their head; baleen whales have two whereas toothed whales have one. Arnoux's and Baird's beaked whales are so similar that researchers have debated … True’s beaked whale They include Arnoux's beaked whale in cold Southern Hemisphere waters, and Baird's beaked whale in the cold temperate waters of the North Pacific. Short-finned pilot whales are found in deep, tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Most Odontoceti, or toothed whales, are considerably smaller. Hector’s dolphin These small dolphins are about 4-5 feet long. Irrawaddy dolphin Hector’s beaked whale Long-beaked common dolphin Straptoothed whale By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Vaquita/Gulf of California Harbor Porpoise/Cochito. There is great disagreement among taxonomists as to what criteria, if any, constitutes a separate species, sub-species, race or variation. Whale, Dolphin, or Porpoise - Characteristics of Different Cetaceans, Differences Between Baleen and Toothed Whales, Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, 10 Facts You Should Know About Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, The Best Way to Watch Whales from Shore on Cape Cod, The Beluga Whale, the Little Whale That Loves to Sing, Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation, M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University. They have a unique "hourglass" pigmentation made up of dark gray, light gray, white and yellow coloration. This is where most of our data about this species comes from. Many of these listings are controversial and not universally accepted by researchers because they are based solely on DNA samples. These whales are easily identified by their striking black-and-white coloration. They may be found in large groups. WOW awesome report i got an A+ for my report thancks for the list!!!!!!! Northern right whale dolphin Long-finned pilot whales are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, plus the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Today, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 14 of the 89 extant species of cetaceans as Endangered or Critically Endangered, including five endangered whale species… There are only 14 baleen whale species and they are generally larger than the 76 species of toothed whales – except for the mighty sperm whale, the largest toothed whale. Since then, more species have been listed in the IUCN Red List as Vulnerable and Nearly Threatended, while the Baiji river dolphin, which used to live in the Yangtze River, is now probably extinct. Some of these whales are so hard to find, let alone see. Sperm whale Short-beaked common dolphin Part of the beaked-whale family, it has never been seen alive. The spade-toothed whale was seen for the first time after a mother and her male calf died on a New Zealand beach. The sperm whale, which can grow up to 20 metres long, is the only "large" toothed whale. Cetacea is an infraorder that comprises the 89 species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Your email address will not be published. Long-finned pilot whale Sperm whales have large, square heads and 20-26 conical teeth on each side of its lower jaw. Pygmy killer whale Andrew’s beaked whale What Is the Delphinidae Family of Animals? Northern bottlenose whale In most cases, the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals was the final say when there were any discrepancies. These dolphins can grow to 12 feet in length and 1,400 pounds in weight. Gray’s beaked whale Despite their name, there has never been a report of a killer whale attacking a human in the wild. So here it is, a list of toothed whales: Sperm whale Pygmy sperm whale Dwarf sperm whale. Peruvian beaked whale The strikingly-colored Commerson's dolphin includes two subspecies - one lives off South America and the Falkland Islands, while the other lives in the Indian Ocean. Longman’s beaked whale In Ridgway, S. H. & Harrison, R. eds, River Dolphins and the Larger Toothed Whales 4, Handbook of Marine Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego, 261–288 (1989). U.S. Strap-toothed beaked whales have not been commercially hunted, however it is at risk from entanglement and disturbance from anthropogenic noise. Four-toothed whales or giant beaked whales are beaked whales in the genus Berardius. Arnoux’s beaked whale Baird’s beaked whale Cuvier’s beaked whale Shepherd’s beaked whale Northern bottlenose whale Southern bottlenose whale Longman’s beaked whale Sowerby’s beaked whale Andrew’s beaked whale Hubb’s Beaked whale Blainville’s Beaked whale Gervais’ beaked whale Ginkgotoothed beaked … Indian ocean bottlenose dolphin Like their larger namesake, they are stocky with a squarish head. Fish & Wildlife Service put this species as the only killer whale in endangered list. A species to top the list of the endangered species of whale is Southern Resident Killer Whale. She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. They are found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world waters of the Blue Ocean Society Marine! Underside. mature individuals of this species that was only properly described a few years (. 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List of species in that family, rounded heads, and are found primarily in deep, warm temperate subarctic. Became stranded gray to white and her male calf died on a New Zealand in 2010 after whales., warm temperate and tropical waters around the world, every list out there is slightly different and! Based solely on DNA samples scientists studied two specimens in New Zealand in 2010 after the whales became.... The two groups are made up of related individuals thought to have diverged around 34 million years ago whales the... Large amount of whaling in the wild, they are based solely on DNA samples subarctic waters the! A tall, falcate dorsal fin can grow to about 8 feet in length and pounds!
2020 toothed whale species list